BPPV – Vertigo Benign Paroxysmal Positional vertigo or BPPV is the commonest cause for dizziness experienced in common population. A person with BPPV may describe the symptom as “a sudden spinning or whirling of the surrounding while moving the head”. BPPV typically lasts only for few seconds or minutes and it is not a serious health problem. Common triggers of BPPV include any sudden movement of the head and neck such as “getting up from lying flat” or “rolling over in bed”. Cause: Although the actual cause of BPPV is still unknown, research found that the condition is caused by a mechanical problem in our inner ears such as injury, degeneration etc. It is believed that other conditions such as ear infections, neck problems and conditions like acoustic neuroma can also cause similar symptoms. Our inner ears have specialised crystals called “otoconia” floating in a pool of fluid. These crystals function as relaying centres to our brain feeding information regarding the position of our body in relation to space. When these crystals dislodge from their position, the brain is fed with contradicting information, which results in “feeling of dizziness” Who is affected? Although it can affect any adults, it is more common with increase in age. Children are not usually affected by BPPV. Other associated illness such as diabetes, vascular conditions and other infections can be precipitating factors. What are the symptoms? Feeling of spinning or whirling while turning the head or neck which typically lasts for less than a minute along with flickering of the eye ball, termed as “nystagmus”. Can it be fixed ? Of course yes… Your Physiotherapist or other health professionals trained in Vestibular Rehabilitation can diagnose and effectively treat the condition with certain manoeuvres which involves positioning of your head in certain angles. If you think you have BPPV, talk to us.